Coe College band rehearsal

设施


Coe's music facility, 侯爵大厅, 包括一个音乐图书馆与一个优秀的和全面的收藏, spacious rehearsal areas, an electronic music and recording studio, 教室, teaching studios, and individual practice rooms. 有两个音乐厅可供演出:daeler - kitchin Auditorium, which seats 238, is the venue for solo recitals and small ensembles, while Sinclair Auditorium, which seats over 1000, is the performance venue for large ensembles and touring companies. Sinclair is also the home of Coe's $1.5 million 1929 E. M. 斯金纳风琴,美国最重要的乐器之一.

Sinclair Auditorium Organ

Coe器官
锡达拉皮兹市管风琴手马歇尔·比德韦尔在该市当时新的E.M. 斯金纳 concert organ. In 1931, when this photograph was taken, 风琴刚刚被安置在退伍军人纪念体育馆. 它目前安装在1xbet体育校园的Sinclair礼堂." (Courtesy The Diapason.)

During these early years of the century, organ music of all kinds was vastly more popular than it is today, and Cedar Rapids was only one of dozens of American cities, including San Francisco, 明尼阿波里斯市, 克利夫兰, 和波士顿, which had or were to purchase pipe organs for public buildings. Cedar Rapids planners apparently received very good advice, 因为他们选择了当时公认的最好的音乐会乐器制造商——欧内斯特·M. 斯金纳--to build their city's concert organ. (斯金纳还为第一长老会和布鲁斯莫尔建造了乐器, a large estate belonging to the wealthy Sinclair family. 后者也是现存的,原始的,可演奏的,尽管需要修复.)

大概, that good advice came from Marshall Bidwell, organ professor at Coe College, 也是过去十年锡达拉皮兹市管风琴音乐事业的坚定支持者. 比德韦尔作为一名教师和音乐艺术家在全国广受尊敬. 他在这个乐器的首演之夜在4000人面前演奏(几百人被拒之门外), on the night of April 2, 1930. 随后, Bidwell was placed in charge of this instrument, 并被任命为锡达拉皮兹市的市政管风琴手.

斯金纳管风琴是当时非常受欢迎的“管弦乐”风格的典型例子, and brought to perfection in the work of E.M. 斯金纳. While smaller than some of the 斯金纳 organs in larger cities, 它的规格相当完整,并拥有许多斯金纳著名的特殊“颜色”站点. Unfortunately, 它实际上是安装在20世纪前25年管风琴音乐“黄金时代”的末期. 比德韦尔最初在大剧场的座无人席前表演, 不到两年,每场演出的观众就减少到几十人. Bidwell gave up his regular recitals in the Coliseum, and resumed weekly recitals at First Presbyterian Church, which he also served as organist. 然后, in 1932, Bidwell left Cedar Rapids, 接受了匹兹堡卡内基音乐学院的新职位, and beginning his long association with the Carnegie family. “大斯金纳”现在每年最多玩三、四次.

At the same time, a young woman returned to her home in Cedar Rapids, after attending the New England Conservatory of 音乐. 那个女人——埃莉诺·泰勒——将成为锡达拉皮兹管风琴界受人尊敬的“女族长”, 并在接下来的50年里与锡达拉皮兹斯金纳机构联系在一起. Initially Taylor, 他在高中时是马歇尔·比德韦尔的一个很有前途的学生, assumed his job as organist of the First Presbyterian Church. 几年之内,她也接替了他在1xbet体育的教学工作. 没过多久, she was making overtures about moving the 斯金纳 organ to Coe, 在那里使用和听到的频率会比竞技场里高得多. (当时,科有一个3手册的Estey被泰勒描述为“鸣笛盒的哨子.然而”), arrangements for such a move were difficult, 主要是因为该机构的所有权复杂——它部分属于海外战争退伍军人组织(Veterans of Foreign Wars),部分属于伦敦金融城. 幸运的是, her efforts were unsuccessful, as the Coe College chapel, along with its Estey organ, was completely destroyed by a fire in 1947.

埃莉诺·泰勒把斯金纳风琴带进1xbet体育的梦想终于在1952年实现了, and the organ was installed in the new Sinclair Auditorium. Some minor changes were made to the instrument at this time, including the addition of a Plein Jeu to the swell. 现在, 泰勒有一件很好的教学和演奏乐器可供她使用, 尽管这种风格很快就过时了. She continued to attract talented students, and served as a role model for many young organists in the community, this writer included. 一个有才华的年轻剧院风琴手,他的生活被这个风琴所感动, 在很多场合玩过这款游戏(并且继续支持它的人)的人就是Jeff Weiler, who attended and graduated from Coe College.

1971年,该机构进行了更多的改变,包括从旧的E.M. 第一长老会的斯金纳风琴,该教堂最近获得了一个新的路透社的风琴. Unfortunately, 其中一些改变(虽然在当时被认为是改进)偏离了斯金纳最初的色调理念. 一些最初的等级被删除,包括伟大的第一等级(第二等级仍然存在). 增加了一些“upperwork”,包括在Great和Pedal上的4级混合. 然而, the great 斯金纳 "color" still shines forth, 这台仪器仍然是改动最小的中等大E.M. 斯金纳 organs still in superb playing condition. 斯金纳的工作的美丽和耐用性是最明显的,在这个美丽的四手动drawknob控制台, controlling some 60 ranks, and still fully functional after over 7 decades.


这是原发表在《1xbet体育》上的文章的修订版, the Journal of the American Theatre Organ Society, July/August 1998, and used here with permission. 作者谨感谢以下人士在撰写本文过程中给予的宝贵帮助:Darren Ferreter, 快乐维勒, Paul Montague, 拉里追逐, 泰德·保尔森, and Dennis Ungs.

About the author: David C. Kelzenberg (b. 1951年,他在昆西大学和爱荷华大学学习音乐表演和音乐理论. He has an interest in all keyboard instruments, including the organ, 羽管键琴, 古钢琴, 和钢琴, 他专门研究了20世纪(和21世纪)早期键盘演奏的历史. He is co-owner of the international Internet mailing list PIPORG-L, 以及HPSCHD-L的创始人和共同所有人(致力于早期弦乐器,如羽管键琴和击弦琴). David Kelzenberg lives in 爱荷华州 City, 爱荷华州, with his children Michael and Jennifer, 和猫伙伴Wanda landska Kelzenberg和Marcel Dupré Kelzenberg. He is a computer specialist employed by the University of 爱荷华州.